News on Behavior and Discipline

News on Behavior and Discipline

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Links to News Stories and Other Reports Related to School Behavior and Discipline

May 4, 2016: Education Week
Indicators of School Crime and Safety data show that victimization rates have dropped from 181 victimizations per 1,000 students in 1992 to only 33 per 1,000 in 2014. These data are gathered through surveys administered to students, teachers, and administrators, ages K-12 through college. Students report less fear of attacks, and data show that fewer students are actually being victimized. Fear of victimization and worries of being unsafe generally fluctuate, showing spikes after major events (e.g., Columbine High School massacre) and schools are taking action to maintain a safe school environment.
March 16, 2016: National School Board Association
DeSoto County Schools have been the subject of investigation by The Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights, based on claims from African American parents and students regarding discriminatory student disciplinary practices. The complains date back to a year ago, when formal data was presented to the OCR. Preliminary evidence suggests not just isolated incidents but a pattern of disciplinary consequences that are representative of the nature of this problem.
February 23, 2016: Department of Education
On Tuesday, the U.S. Department of Education released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) regarding racial and ethnic disparities in special education, in an attempt to assist schools in implementing IDEA requirements to address this disproportionality. This new rule proposes a standard procedure for data collection for all states.

Click for the GOP study on ethnic and racial disparities in special education

February 23, 2016: U.S. Department of Education
A study conducted in 2013 documented disproportionality in special education, which has been an ongoing issue that policy-makers have been aiming to resolve. One problem facing schools today is the definition of "significant disproportionality," for which they must reserve 15% of Part B funds to address with intervention services. However, schools are using discrepant definitions of "significance" which is leading to problems in addressing disproportionality.
February 23, 2016: U.S. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, & Pensions
See Senator Murray's statement on the NPRM.
January 22, 2016: McCook Gazette
A student from Cambridge Public Schools (CPS) was expelled due to "immature conduct" that occurred in his dorm room at an off-campus, non-school-affiliated wrestling camp. Parents appealed the school's decision at two due process hearings, but the decision was upheld at both. Parents are asking that the expulsion be voided and all further consequences be removed because these consequences exceeded the school district's power, under state law.
January 11, 2016
Nebraska's school security director, Jolene Palmer, is recommending that schools develop a set of guidelines to assess behavioral threats in schools. She will be using a set of guidelines created by a committee of teachers and law enforcement officials to assess the existing level of security in each of Nebraska's 1,130 public schools. Many schools have existing threat assessment protocols but these are expected to become more formalized in the next few years.
January 7, 2016: CBS Denver
Schools nationwide are struggling to balance the legalization of medical Marijuana and upholding school policies that outlaw its use on school grounds. Schools in only 3 of 23 states that have legalized the use of medical Marijuana are creating policies for its use in schools. A few districts have determined that students with doctor's notes may have parents or guardians come to school to administer the drug to students; however, school nurses or staff are not allowed to administer the substance.
December 20, 2015.
The article focuses on the experience of Greater Albany Education Association leader Sue McGrory in Oregon, who has received over 100 emails from teachers since the school year began asking for advice about how to deal with “out-of-control” students who throw chairs or tantrums. McGrory says appeals to school administrators are often ineffective, “We’re losing countless hours of instructional time. What we are doing is not working.”
December 14, 2015: The Washington Post
A seventh-grader in Vandalia, Ohio, was arrested for threats made to a Muslim student after an argument on the school bus. The seventh-grader is facing a 10-day suspension and possible expulsion for the racial slurs made against the other student. The student's father does not blame the seventh-grader for his words, as he acknowledges that he is just repeating what he's heard adults say, emphasizing what a painful time it has been for Muslim-Americans in the United States recently.
December 7, 2015: The Atlantic
Preschoolers are being suspended at higher rates than all other school-age students across the country, specifically, black male preschoolers. These students are being suspended for behaviors that would not typically warrant such extreme consequences. Researchers are making the case that this pattern of behavior and consequences reduce the benefit of early-care and education programs and might lead to life-long detrimental outcomes.
November 23, 2015: UNL Today
In a meta-analysis, researchers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln reveal a causal relationship between sleep and ADHD medications such as Adderall and Ritalin. While ambiguities still exist regarding the different effects of varying dosages, the results clearly indicated that more frequent dosages had larger effects. With these results, parents and physicians should consider the costs and benefits before prescribing.
November 20, 2015: KARE-TV 11
Teachers in Minneapolis Public Schools are concerned with student behavior and safety. At a recent school board meeting, teachers disclosed instances of student-to-student and student-to-teacher violence that has been occurring in schools, making students afraid to enter certain classrooms. As a result, teachers identified a need for additional de-escalation training and crisis intervention help. Due to a disproportionate number of suspensions of minority students, districts have banned the use of suspension for non-violent offenses.
October 20, 2015: The Washington Post
Corporal punishment is still legal in 19 states, however 60% of students subjected to corporal punishment, or "paddling", each year come from just 4 states: Mississippi, Texas, Georgia, and Alabama. Furthermore, while African American students make up only 16% of students nation wide, they comprise 35% of the students receiving corporal punishment. There is a clear distinction between the frequency and demographics of students receiving this harmful discipline, and this article discusses several aspects of corporal punishment, as well as revealing negative outcomes.
October 19, 2015: Huffington Post
Recovery schools, which are special schools designed specifically for students who are struggling with substance abuse, are being highlighted for their success in spite of the challenges that they face. There are only 35 schools of this type in the nation, with only 4 being officially accredited by the Association of Recovery High Schools. These schools are expensive to run and can benefit only a small number of students, but for those students it can have a large impact on their futures.
October 14, 2015: Education Week
Many schools are rethinking Zero-Tolerance policies and opting for more inclusive disciplinary strategies. Classic Zero-Tolerance policies opt for drastic consequences for seemingly minute misbehavior, which can lead to disproportionate discipline for many students and significant amounts of time spent outside of the classroom. These alternative strategies would combat exclusionary discipline and provide more reasonable consequences for misbehavior.
October 7, 2015: The Washington Post
The Obama administration has announced that it will begin to collect public data on chronic absenteeism rates at schools nationwide through an initiative called Every Student: Every Day, due to the growing body of evidence indicating that students missing more than 10 percent of the school year -- roughly 18 days -- are at an increased risk of dropping out. Researchers argue that schools can implement the best techniques and have the best teachers and/or principals, but none of that matters if the students are not in their seats. This report was also covered by Education Week, NBC News, and The Baltimore Sun. Click here to find a press release from the U.S. Department of education.
October 5, 2015: JAMA Pediatrics
According to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics, several states have significantly reduced bullying and cyberbullying rates among teens by roughly 24 and 20 percent, respectively. Although these rates varied by state, there is evidence for reduced bullying when state anti-bullying laws included at least one of 16 components from the Department of Education. Articles on this study were written by CBS News, NPR, and HealthDay.
October 5, 2015: St. Paul Pioneer Press
Despite the fact that overall suspensions have decreased by 25% for St. Paul Public Schools, there is still disproportionality in the rates that students are being suspended. African American and Indian American students are being suspended at rates of 19 and 15 times that of Asian-American students, respectively. District employees argue that while they have cut down on suspensions, they failed implement alternative disciplinary consequences, and thus, student misbehavior is as bad as ever.
October 3, 2015: Star Tribune
The Minneapolis Star Tribune (10/3, Matos) reports more than 50 kindergartners and first-grade students in Minneapolis Public Schools were suspended last year, despite a moratorium on suspensions for students of those ages in the district. Students were suspended for failing to follow directions, being disruptive, and other behavior.
September 26, 2015
Cedar Rapids Governor, Terry Branstad, issued an executive order to combat bullying in Iowa schools. This order contained many of the provisions included in the legislature he proposed this year, which passed in the Senate but was voted down in the House. The order includes cyber-bullying procedures, a 24-hour hotline, and numerous protective agents for students who are experiencing bullying in schools, including an exception for parental notification if doing so would cause harm or further danger to the student (e.g., LGBTQ students who have not come out to their parents yet would be protected from schools sharing this information).
September 24, 2015: The Oklahoman
Teachers in the Oklahoma Public School District are upset with the new suspension procedures, and feel that students are not receiving appropriate punishments for their misbehaviors. Teachers report feeling unsafe in schools and several have resigned or changed schools due to these new practices. While the number of suspensions and length of suspensions has decreased, teachers argue that student behavior has not improved.
September 24, 2012: The Oklahoman
After facing an investigation for disproportionate suspensions of minority students, Oklahoma City Public Schools have shown a 42.5 percent decrease in suspensions thus far last years numbers. The district reports that they are approaching exclusionary discipline strategies differently this year, in using them only in the most extreme circumstances involving the safety and security of students and the school. The district also reports using counseling as an alternative to suspension or expulsion for those students who are "deeply troubled".
August 25, 2015: NPR Education
NPR reports that a new report from the University of Pennsylvania “singles out 13 Southern states” with schools that “suspend and expel African-American students at higher rates than white students.” In 132 of the 3,000 districts the researchers examined, “suspension and expulsion rates of blacks were off the charts, with suspension rates far greater than their representation in the student body."
August 25, 2015: Education Week
Education Week reports Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner signed a bill changing school discipline to make “suspensions and expulsions a last resort.” The bill was “championed by students” and received bipartisan support in the legislature.
May 29, 2015: Education Week
About 75% of colleges and universities collect students' high-school disciplinary records, and about 89% use that data in admissions decisions, according to a study released Friday by the Center for Community Alternatives. Supporters say the data helps colleges keep campuses safe, while others suggest the practice has civil rights implications.
May 27, 2015: Education Week
Minneapolis has seen a “spike in suspensions” under former Superintendent Bernadeia Johnson’s interim replacement, Michael Goar. Johnson had focused on suspension reduction, creating a panel to review suspensions of minorities and banned pre-K, kindergarten and first-grade suspensions. Suspensions nearly doubled from 1,626 between August and December to 3,000 between January and April. Goar said that the office is taking the report “very seriously”. The ED mandated the district to publish suspension data after it concluded suspension rates disproportionately targeted black students.
May 14, 2015: San Francisco Chronicle
The school district in Oakland, California is joining “a handful” of other districts in the state in a ban on suspending students for such incidents of “willful defiance”. The piece defines willful defiance as “a broad category of misbehavior that includes minor offenses such as refusing to take a hat off...and more severe incidents like swearing at a teacher or storming out of class.” The piece notes that such suspensions are already banned “from kindergarten through third grade”, as well as districts in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Pasadena. This decision was made in Oakland after the ED's Office of Civil Rights required the district to employ a range of practices that reduced suspensions.
April 28, 2015: Psych Central
A new study finds students with standing desks are more attentive than their seated counterparts, and, as a bonus, the students burn more calories. Researchers from the Texas A&M School of Public Health found that the standing desks improved classroom attention-engagement by 12 percent, or an extra seven minutes per hour of engaged instruction time. The findings, published in the International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, were based on a study of almost 300 children in second through fourth grade who were observed over the course of a school year.
April 23, 2015: Legal Clips
According to The Roanoke Times, Bruce and Linda Bays, the parents of a sixth grader at Bedford Middle School (BMS) who was suspended for a year, have filed suit in federal court against Bedford County Schools (BCS) and the Bedford County Sheriff’s Office (BCSO). Their son was suspended under accusations that he had told classmates that he had marijuana on the school property. After a search of the student's backpack, the assistant principal confiscated a leaf and a lighter and the student was in turn suspended. Although field tests of the leaf came back negative for Marijuana, the student remains suspended.
April 23, 2015: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Twenty-three Pittsburgh Public Schools have been selected for a “restorative practices” discipline policy research project by the Rand Corporation, according to district officials Wednesday. The schools will use a Justice Department grant for the project and will use student-teacher discussions to address problems rather than implementing automatic suspensions.
April 22, 2015: Associated Press
The Associated Press reports that, despite taking “more than 10 years, several proposals and countless stories from young people who have suffered,” Montana’s new anti-bullying law means that the state has “joined every other state in the nation” in working to prevent bullying. Democratic Governor Steve Bullock said he is “pleased that Montana will finally have a bullying-prevention law.” The law will target repeated hazing, harassment, and threats against others. The law provides recourse for parents and local authorities to pursue bullies, schools, or officials that break the law.
April 17, 2015: Mother Jones
Stanford researchers conducted a study in which K-12 teachers were presented with mock disciplinary records for students displaying equivalent behaviors, however some students had stereotypical black names (Darnell or Deshawn), while the others had stereotypical white names (Jake or Greg). Researchers found that teachers indicated similar responses to misbehavior on the first infraction regardless of students' perceived ethnicity, but on the second infraction, teachers tended to rate the severity of the behavior as higher for "black" students than "white" students.
April 14, 2015: Bright Innovation in Education
Many schools in New York have turned to restorative practices for students eliciting insubordinate behavior in schools. While these softer approaches have been met with some resistance, they are proving to be an effective alternative to suspension and expulsion for many students. New York City has announced a $1.2 million dollar expansion to these restorative justice efforts, in hopes to provide appropriate training to teachers and staff and ultimately slow the "school-to-prison-pipeline" for these students.
April 3, 2015: Hechinger Report
Schools in Connecticut are working to address trauma-focused disciplinary issues using Animated Learning by Integrating and VAlidating Experience (ALIVE). These programs work with students who have experienced trauma to work through their experience in a positive and theatrical way, with masters-level therapists trained in this technique. This has been introduced as a way to do away with suspension and expulsion for inappropriate behavior and turn to more proactive strategies to help students cope with their experiences and eliminate the source of misbehavior.
March 1, 2015: The University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research
This report describes findings from the past six years of suspension rates and perceptions of school safety in Chicago schools. In general, out of school suspensions have decreased; however, in-school suspensions for African American students have doubled while remaining the same for other races. Additionally, suspension rates were higher for males, students with disabilities, and students with low test scores.
February 1, 2015: The Huffington Post
Schools in the Sunshine State may not rank at the top as far as SAT scores or high school graduation rates, but they did suspend students at the highest rate in the country during the 2011-2012 school year.
February 21, 2015: Rutland (VT) Herald
Suspension rates dropped for many of the nation’s school districts — including some in the Washington region — but U.S. students still lost about 18 million days of instruction to out-of-school punishments in the 2011-2012 school year, according to research released Monday.
February 1, 2015: The Center for Civil Rights Remedies
A report on the school discipline gap: Nearly 3.5 million public school students were suspended out of school at least once in 2011-12. That is more than one student suspended for every public school teacher in America.
January 8, 2015: EdSource
An influential literature in criminology has identified indirect “collateral consequences” of mass imprisonment. We extend this criminological perspective to the context of the U.S. education system, conceptualizing exclusionary discipline practices (i.e., out-of-school suspension) as a manifestation of intensified social control in schools. Similar to patterns of family and community decline associated with mass incarceration, we theorize that exclusionary discipline policies have indirect adverse effects on non-suspended students in punitive schools. In this article, the effect of suspension on reading and math achievement is examined.
December 10, 2014: The New York Times
Data from ED's Office for Civil Rights reveals that black female students in public schools nationwide have been suspended at a rate of 12%, compared to 2% of white female students.  This article examines several statistics related to this issue.
December 1, 2014: African American Policy Forum
Girls of color face much harsher school discipline than their white peers but are excluded from current efforts to address the school-to-prison pipeline, according to a new report issued today by the African American Policy Forum and Columbia Law School’s Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies. The report, Black Girls Matter: Pushed Out, Overpoliced and Underprotected, is based on a new review of national data and personal interviews with young women in Boston and New York.
November 25, 2014: StarTribune
Data from ED's Office for Civil Rights reveals that black female students in public schools nationwide have been suspended at a rate of 12%, compared to 2% of white female students. This article examines several statistics related to this issue.
November 18, 2014: Education Commission of the States
One way to increase student engagement is to use structures that illicit a response from all students and provide teachers formative data on student learning. In order to meet a variety of students' needs, educators should work to also incorporate the use of a variety of multiple intelligences in their classrooms. Here are my top three low-tech and low-prep strategies to increase student engagement and provide teachers real-time data to adjust and differentiate instruction. All three assessment strategies are quick, inexpensive and easy to teach.
November 9, 2014: Star Tribune
Minneapolis public school officials are making dramatic changes to their discipline practices by requiring the superintendent’s office to review all suspensions of students of color.
November 10, 2014: Minnesota Public Radio
The Minneapolis school district plans to closely monitor why schools are suspending black, Latino and Native American students as part of an agreement announced Friday with the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights.
November 8, 2014: Duluth Tribune
Minneapolis public school officials are making dramatic changes to their suspension policy by requiring the superintendent’s office to sign off before students of color can be sent home.
October 1, 2014: United States Department of Education
Letter from the US Department of Education was sent to school districts across the US that provides schools with guidance on how to handle the bullying of students with special needs. This letter is a response to an increase of complaints from schools due to this behavior occurring.
September 23, 2014: Education Week
The United States Department of Education has award over $70 million in grants to fund improvement in school climate.  Lincoln Public School District is one of seventy districts in the nation to received a five-year grant to improve school climate and safety.
September 4, 2014: Legal Clips
The parents of four African American student filed a $25 million lawsuit against Northwest Local school district and Colerian Township Police Department becuase students were alleged to have been expelled and denied due process on the basis of race.
August 27, 2014: Education Week
The U.S. Department of Education's office for civil rights is investigating Georgia's Bibb County district for potential violations of special education students' rights, as well as a charge that black students were punished more often and more harshly in its alternative school program.
August 20, 2014: Legal Clips
With much attention focused on the effectiveness of zero-tolerance discipline policies and the alarming number of student suspension and expulsion rates across the country, restorative discipline offers a glimmer of hope as a viable alternative to current popular discipline strategies.
August 19, 2014: Legal Clips
With much attention focused on the effectiveness of zero-tolerance discipline policies and the alarming number of student suspension and expulsion rates across the country, restorative discipline offers a glimmer of hope as a viable alternative to current popular discipline strategies.
July 31, 2014: Huffington Post
A new survey out this week from The School Superintendents Association, in collaboration with the Children’s Defense Fund, takes a look at how district leaders feel about school discipline practices.
June 17, 2014: Real Clear Education
A newly published report from the School Discipline Consensus Project offers teachers and administrators comprehensive answers to how they should react to student rule infractions.
May 4, 2014: St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Parents who can't afford to purchase enough diapers are forced to leave dirty diapers on infants, leading to cranky babies and much more.
May 3, 2014: Star Tribune
A summary of numerous "Columbine-style" conspiracies that have occurred since the horrific event.
May 2, 2014: Lincoln Journal Star
University of Nebraska study of parent-teacher collaboration and how it can improve student behavior.
April 18, 2014:
The mass shooting at Columbine High School spurred schools to adopt "zero tolerance" policies. Do they work?
April 18, 2014: National Public Radio
The mass shooting at Columbine High School spurred schools to adopt "zero tolerance" policies. Do they work? NPR Education Correspondent Claudio Sanchez and NASSP School Safety Specialist Bill Bond discuss.
April 12, 2014: Lincoln Journal Star
Nebraska truancy officer, Sidnee Pavel, of Colfax County schools is using her life experience to make a difference in the lives of the students she works with.
April 1, 2014: The School Superintendents Association
The School Superintendents Association, and the Children’s Defense Fund partnered to survey 500 school superintendents to determine the state of district-wide school discipline policies and practices.
April 1, 2014: U.S. Department of Education
The U.S. Department of Education has launched Birth to 5: Watch Me Thrive! to encourage developmental and behavioral screening for children to support the families and providers who care for them.
March 31, 2014: Legal Clips
Colorado public schools enacted a law to move public schools away from criminalizing minor school discipline students, known as zero tolerance.
March 20, 2014: NewsLeader
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has revisited the definition of bullying. This new definition is similar to the previous one, defining bullying as unwanted aggressive behavior that 1) involves an imblance of power and 2) is repeated or likely to be repeated multiple times. Importantly, the new definition excludes sibling or current dating partners who aggress against one another as "bullying"
February 5, 2014: NASSP Newsletter
The Obama Administration and the Department of Education recently released a "Dear Colleague" letter seeking to decrease the use of zero tolerance discipline policies. The National Association of Secondary School Principles supports this movement away from discipline strategies that rely on suspension and expulsion. Resources to help schools work within the confines of the Dear Colleague letter are available here.
February 5, 2014: SAMHSA
This document prseents a set of substance use and mental health indicators taken from both population and treatment facility research pools. Using these data, the Behavioral Health Barometer reflects both the current status and future trends for improving key behavioral health indicators for the state of Nebraska.
January 30, 2014:
The Maryland State Board of Education has approved far reaching changes to the state's discipline policies to achieve the goal of a more constructive approach to student discipline that eliminates racial disparities in suspensions and keeps disciplined students in school.
January 8, 2014: US Department of Education
This Dear Colleague letter issued January 8, 2014 by the Office of Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education and the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice provides guidance to schools on the non-discriminatory administration of discipline in schools. The appendix to the letter provides recommendations for schools districts, administrators, teachers, and staff for compliance in this initiative.
December 19, 2013: Legal Clips
The Camden School Board has agreed to pay $700,000 to settle claims stemming from a decision to make elementary school students eat lunch on a gymnasium floor as punishment for spilling a jug of water in their fifth-grade classroom.
December 19, 2013: Legal Clips
Study finds male African-American students in Virginia are twice as likely to be suspended from public schools as white male students.
December 19, 2013: Minneapolis StarTribune
Minneapolis schools are considering revisions to discilpine policies that have led to the use of exclusionary discipline, like suspension and expulsion, with young students, particularly young minority students.
December 2, 2013: New York Times
Faced with mounting evidence that get-tough policies in schools are leading to arrest records, low academic achievement and high dropout rates that especially affect minority students, cities and school districts around the country are rethinking their approach to minor offenses.
December 1, 2013: Institute of Justice
The father of a 7-year-old suspended from his Anne Arundel County school for nibbling his breakfast pastry into the shape of a gun filed a formal appeal Thursday, asking that the second-grader’s school records be wiped clean of the offense. This case occurred 11 weeks after the mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., which left 20 children and six staff members dead, heightening sensitivities about security and guns.
September 27, 2013:
The Prince George's County School System has adopted a new student discipline policy that seeks to reduce the number of students suspended. The Maryland Board of Education has previously taken steps to ban zero tolerance policies.
September 26, 2013: NPR
In a recent interview with National Public Radio (NPR), Robert L. Listenbee, Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, discussed priorities for the Office, which include supporting research and programs that promote the safety and wellbeing of the nation’s youth.
June 2, 2013: NPR
California students were suspended more than 700,000 times over the 2011-12 school year. One school district decided it was getting ridiculous. In May, the board for the Los Angeles Unified School District passed a resolution to ban the use of suspensions to punish students for "willful defiance." Those offenses include: bringing a cellphone to school, public displays of affection, truancy or repeated tardiness. They accounted for nearly half of all suspensions issued in California last year. But there's mounting research that says that out-of-school suspensions put students on the fast track to falling behind, dropping out, and going to jail. (Click Here for Audio File of This Story)
April 23, 2013: Huffington Post
Thousands of schools still have a discipline gap between groups of students, with students of color receiving suspensions for a number or minor infractions. While these students see this treatment as unfair, teachers remain that they reserve the right to remove noncompliant or disruptive students.
April 11, 2013: The Washington Post
Schools are exploring ways — from character-based education to mindfulness meditation to social emotional learning — to teach self-control.
April 8, 2013: The Civil Rights Project
In this first of a kind breakdown of data from over 26,000 U.S. middle and high schools, Civil Rights Project researchers estimate that well over two million students were suspended during the 2009-2010 academic years.
March 14, 2013: The Washington Post
Study finds male African-American students in Virginia are twice as likely to be suspended from public schools as white male students.
March 5, 2013: Seattle Times
The U.S. Department of Education is investigating whether Seattle Public Schools discriminated against African-American students by disciplining them more frequently and more harshly.
February 25, 2013: American Academy of Pediatrics
The American Academy of Pediatrics has reaffirmed its position on suspensions and expulsions: "Suspension and expulsion may exacerbate academic deterioration, and when students are provided with no immediate educational alternative, student alienation, delinquency, crime, and substance abuse may ensue. Social, emotional, and mental health support for students at all times in all schools can decrease the need for expulsion and suspension and should be strongly advocated by the health care community."
January 5, 2013: The Washington Post
DC Charter schools expel students more than traditional public schools.
December 13, 2012:
For the first time, the school-to-prison pipeline was the focus of a Senate hearing.
August 28, 2012: New York Times
New York City public-school students can no longer be suspended for one-time, low-level infractions.
May 22, 2012: Hechinger Report
Many schools rely on zero tolerance policies to address difficult disciplinary decisions. Often, these policies can lead to higher suspension rates.
February 19, 2012:
Maryland school boards are beginning to look for alternatives to zero-tolerance discipline policies.